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© Copyright 2018

Gianluca Pica
 


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BLOG OF A TOUR GUIDE IN ROME

15/02/2019, 12:20

#atourguiderome, #unaguidaturisticaroma, #romeisus, #rome, #roma, #brenno, #galli, saccheggio, #campidoglio, #archeologia, #guidedtour, #tour, #furiocamillo, #livio



THE-FIRST-RAID-OF-ROME-(FIRST-PART)


 Rome was sacked in different occasions during its long story, but we know how thr first time could not be forgotten...



Today I would like to write about the first raid endured by #Rome (I will write down another article), that one made by the Senoni Gaul, lead by #Brenno, at the 387 BC. Let me tell what we know about this episode, mainly following the literary sources that we have. We are on July, and in a place named Allia (north of Rome), in an incredible way the ancient Roman were defeated by the Gauls! The battlefield was completely opened, and on one side the Romans fought following the Greek strategy named phalanx. In the meanwhile, on the other side the Gauls fought without a real strategy, simply because the were just a group of thousands of men, partly naked, who fought screaming and howling like animals. According to Tito Livio, who wrote down about this episode several centuries later, and also using our imagination, maybe the Romans got impressed by this human horde, or maybe they simply understimated the enemy. Imagine how the two civilizations met each other in Allia, for the first time, that July. Maybe again the Romans got impressed by the great iron weapons used by the Gauls (they were very good in metallurgy) or also by the war charriots, used by the Gauls and seen for the first time by the Romans. Probaly the brutality and the savagery of this horde of men who came from the north of #Europe, and the surprise of the Romans, were the base of the first important defeat endure by Rome. Moreover, just the day after this victory, Brenno lead his fellows at the Seven Hills, sacking whatever the could do. Then they reached the Capitoline Hill, a fortified area where the main temple of Rome was located. All the Romans try to survive at the top of this hill, barricading where they could do. Brenno tried several times to conquer this fortified area (he tried also a nocturnal raid, but he failed due to the sacred gooves of Juno, who stood in a corral of a temple located on the other side of the Capitoline Hill, screaming a lot and waking up the Romans), but he always failed. At the end, he did something simple: he waited, starting a long siege. After days and days, the Romans were not able to survive more, and they tried to find a deal and an agreement. Brenno accepted the surrender asking 1000 tons of golden pounds. It was a great treasure asked by Brenno, but the Romans started to pay. According to Tito Livio, the leader of the Gauls started to ask more and more, putting on the plates of the scale, used to survey the pounds, also his heavy iron sword. In this moment somebody claimed something which will become one of the most famous Latin locution: "Vae Victis", that means "Troubles to the loosers". It simply means that the surrenders could not do anything, when the winners are really superiors... At the end, when the Gauls tried definitely to conquer Rome, an hero came to protect the Eternal City: Furio Camillo! He was the general who lead the Roman armies, some years before the 387 BC, against Veio, the Etruscan city which was destroyed by the Romans. After this victory Furio Camillo was exiled by the Roman community, but when he understood how Rome was in trouble, he was able to find an army used to defeat Brenno and his Gauls, who were forced to escape from Rome. It is the story as we know, thanks to the literary sources that we have. But the next time I will show how, usually, what we can think that is the reality is a...fake! #atourguiderome #romeisus #Rome 


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