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© Copyright 2018

Gianluca Pica
 


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BLOG OF A TOUR GUIDE IN ROME

07/02/2019, 12:02

#atourguiderome, #tourguide, #dome, #unaguidaturisticaroma, #romeisus, #rome, #roma, #cupola, #architettura, #basilica



DOME-OF-THE-BASILICA-OF-SANT’ANDREA-DELLA-VALLE


 The Basilica of Sant’Andrea della Valle (St Andrew of the Valley), is one of the best of Rome. There is especially its dome that could simply be one of the best ones of Rome...



It is the incredible #dome of the Basilica of Sant’Andrea della Valle in #Rome, frescoed by Lanfranco with his gorgeous painting named "Glory of the Paradise". The site construction of this #basilica was inaugurated at the 1591, but it went on over the centuries, with several stops and difficulties. Imagine how just at 1620 the dome was designed by #Maderno, one of the best architects of this times (he was the creator of the facade of the St Peter Basilica), who made this basilica as one of the tallest ones in Rome! This church, mainly observing its map (one nave flanked by chapels) and decorations, could be a great example of the Counter-Reformation of the Holy Church of the end of the XVI century. And here, admiring the Basilica of Sant’Andrea della Valle, two important masters could be displayed: Lanfranco and Domenichino. Both came from the studio inaugurated by Annibale Carracci, a man who was a real star, in Italy and in Rome, at the end of the XVI century. Carracci, who was born in Bologna, became the epitome of the figure of the artist of his times: a man who worked for cardinals, popes and noblemen, Carracci was able to have strong relationships with all of them, opening an important studio, receiving great commissions, working as his sponsors would like. He followed the models, the rules and the paradigm of the sense of the art of that time, and that made his fortune. Moreover from his studio came out artists who became masters, like Guido Reni, Domenichino and Lanfranco. But it is nice to understand how, if the origin is the same, the personal and artistic evolution could be different. Domenichino was a man who followed his master in an academic and classical style, meanwhile Lanfranco made other choices, finding other roads and  experimenting more. Domenichino lost, we can say in this way, his personal fight against Lanfranco, because the first one painted just the rib vaults of the dome in the Basilica of Sant’Andrea della Valle, and Lanfranco received the main commission: the dome. Looking at his incredible fresco, the "Glory of the Paradise" (1625 - 1627), we can understand how Lanfranco here tried to experiment something that is close to the #Baroque style: clouds, figures and sky are moving in a swirling dynamism and movement, reacing in the middle where there is Jesus, our Centre. Moreover the figures and the elements are very dynamics, and they are moving inside a space that is not closed by architectonical elements (like in the Sistine Chapel by Michelangelo), but in a sort of open space, without borders. There’s a sense of infinity and a great illusion, because it seems that the dome doesn’t exist. All the clouds, the saints and the angels are almost flying in the dome! In a certain way the elements that I’ve described are components of the new taste of the Baroque style, which completely changed Rome... #atourguiderome #romeisus #Rome #basilica 


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