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© Copyright 2018

Gianluca Pica
 


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BLOG OF A TOUR GUIDE IN ROME

23/03/2019, 12:39

#unaguidaturisticaroma, #romeisus, #rome, #roma, #bronzo, #statua, #museicapitolini, #museo, #lupa, #shewolf, #atourguiderome, #tourguide, #capitolinemuseums, #museum, #bronze



THE-CAPITOLINE-SHE-WOLF


 In the Capitoline Museums you will find the symbol of Rome: a she-wolf and the two twins. A work of art that is also a mystery for the scholars...



This picture is depicting you a bronze work of art seen by thousand of visitors a years, a masterpiece that is simply showing the mythological foundation of #Rome and its own originis. I’m talking about this wonderful bronze she-wolf with the two twins. Do you know the legend about the foundation of Rome? Romulus and Remus, two twins, when they were babies were abandoned by Rea, their mother, inside a basket. It was left in the river, the Tiber, that flows and flows until a natural meander, where the basket touched the shore. This bight is the same that everybody could see today, because it is that one where Rome started its long economic and political development. Then, the two babies were found by a she-wolf, a wild animal who didn’t eat them, who didn’t kill them...the she-wolf, going against the insticts, protected and nursed them. Just to complete the legend, a pastor named Faustolo found them, and when Romulus and Remus became two young men they decided to found a city: Rome. It is the legend, and you can clearly understand how the she-wolf became a strong symbol for the Romans, so much that several emperors, like Augustus, used the animal for his propaganda. Imagine how the ancient Romans believed that a she-wolf symbolized Mars, the God of the War. And probably it was not a case that the two twins, Romulus and Remus, were also Mars’ children! So, the real meaning of this myth is that Rome must be found, Rome must be the greatest city in the world, Rome must survived defeating all the enemies, because Rome is protected and preserved by the Fate and the Gods. But now let me tell you something about this bronze masterpiece, which is bringing with it several doubts. First of all, for the main interpretations, it is an original bronze piece made around the V century BC, by an Etruscan artisan. We don’t know if the craftsman worked in Rome for this commission, asked by the Romans, or if the she-wolf was really made in Etrusia, where the ancient Etruscan lived. Moreover we are sure that the first version didn’t have...the twins! They were added later, because originally there was just the animal, and not more. But now there are the other doubts! For the literary sources in Rome there were the versions of a she-wolf: one stood at the Capitoline Hill and the other one at a famous cava named "Lupercale", at the Palatine Hill, which was used for specific rituals. Probably the second one "received" the two bronze twins at the beginning of the III century BC, and this restorations was made by some consuls. But there is also another problem: according to other scholars the two bronze twins were added at the and of the XV century, by a famous artist named Pollaiolo! What is the truth? How many versions of the brone she-wolf exist? We don’t know, but whaat we know is how this bronze masterpiece was one of the works of art donated, at the 1471, by the Pope Sixtus IV to the city of Rome. This act is considered as the first opening of the first modern museum in the world, the Capitoline Museums! And this she-wolf, after centuries, in some degree is still symbolizing both: the foundation of Rome and the foundation of the museums... #atourguiderome #romeisus #Rome #bronze #shewolf #Romulus


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