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Gianluca Pica
 


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BLOG OF A TOUR GUIDE IN ROME

02/05/2019, 12:59

#unaguidaturisticaroma, #atourguiderome, #romeisus, #rome, #roma, #tempio,#archeologia, #archeology, #giove



WALLS-OF-THE-TEMPLE-OF-JUPITER
WALLS-OF-THE-TEMPLE-OF-JUPITER


 In the Capitoline Museums you will also find some anonymous stones that are related to a fundamental temple for the ancient Roman society...



Everything in the Capitoline Museums means something, also stones put in a corner next to the giant bronze equestrian statue depitcting Marcus Aurelius. They are related to a temple that was a real symbol of Rome, since the beginning of the Roman history: the so called Temple of Giove Capitolino, also known as Giove Massimo, which was set at the top of the Capitoline Hill. According to the literary sources the site construction was inaugurated by Tarquinio Prisco, fifht king of Rome, at the beginning of the VI century BC. Then just the last king of Rome, Tarquinio The Superb, really completed the incredible temple. It is curious to understand how this sacred place was one of the reasons why the last king of Rome was fought by his citizens! He was a real tyrant, and it seems that the temple cost a lot, so much that the Romans could not accept it. Then agains, the king was a tyrant, and it is the reason why the Romans fought him, declaring the Republic. It is nice to know of the Temple of Giove Capitolino was officialy inaugurated at the end of the VI century BC by one of the first consuls of the new Republic of Rome: Marco Orazio Pulvillo. The temple was almost 150 ft long for 180 ft large, and it was a "periptero sine postico" temple: it means that it was surrounded by a columnade except the rear, which was closed by a wall. Moreover the temple was not dedicated just to Jupiter, but to the so called "Capitoline Triad": Jupiter, Juno and Menerva. This specific trio came from the Etruscan culture, as other several social and cultural aspects of the ancient Romans. It is true and sure that there was a cultural assimilation, but according to some scholars and interpretations Rome was really conquered, with armies and soldiers, by the Etruscans. It is the reason why the last kings of Rome, as Tarquinio The Superb, were Etruscans... Then imagine how the Temple of Jupiter was really the main in the city: here the triumphs ended, here the main sacrifices and rituals were made, here for a certain time the famous Sybilline Books were host. But this temple symbolized something more, something really important to understand the Roman moral and religion: the "romanizzazione" of Jupiter. The Romans official declared in a religious and social how Jupiter should not be just the Father of the God, but also the protector of Rome and of the Romans. Whey the Roman armies fought against enemies that knew that Jupiter was always with Rome! It is the reason why the symbol of the power in Rome was the eagle, the main animal who represented Jupiter in the past. Each single village or kingdom conquered by Rome must know that Jupiter was the celestial leader of the Romans, that Jupiter could get angry if someone was so stupid to challenge Rome... Probably it is not a case that the Temple of Jupiter was a sort reaction that the Romans had regarding to another famous temple dedicated to the same God: the so called sanctuary of "Juppiter Latialis". This important sacred place stood at the top of a mountain located 10 miles far from Rome, to the south. It was a religious landmark for several Latin tribes, the same tribes which made an alliance to fight Rome, when the small city of pastors was able to be a real world power. And so, in some degree, Rome didn’t defeat just the Latins, but also their main God... #archeologia #archeology #unaguidaturisticaroma #atourguiderome #architettura #architecture #Roma #romeisus #Rome


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