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© Copyright 2018

Gianluca Pica
 


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BLOG OF A TOUR GUIDE IN ROME

14/05/2019, 12:01

#unaguidaturisticaroma, #atourguiderome, #adriano, #romeisus, #rome, #roma, #impero, #imperoromano



HADRIAN-THE-EMPEROR


 Hadrian was a great emperor and a good man, somebody who was able to change the politics of Rome, to improve the arts but also to destroy cities...



In the "Paolina Room" in the St Angel Castle, would by the Pope Paul III at the #Renaissance Age, there is a bearded man with his "lorica" (the typical armor used for the triumphs). You are looking at Hadrian, one of the most famous emperors of ancient #Rome. His portrait is here because the so called St Angel Castle was originally the Hadrian’s mausoleum, built at the II century AD, that was turn to a castle and fortress over the centuries, mainly after the fall of the Roman Empire. But now let’s focus on Hadrian. He was a sort of predestined, a member of the royal family who was able to climb the social pyramid. But he was also an art lover, a man who loved art history, Greek culture, and philosophy. He was a man who had a relationship with Antinoo, a young boy younger than him (about 20 years less), but still today we don’t if it was a real love story or not. He was an emperor who changed the Roman politics, stopping the conquests in order to renforce the borders of the Empire. He had an open mind, he started to have a beard as the Barbarians, but he was also able to destroy cities, when it was necessary. He was born at the 76 AD in Gades, a small city in the modern Spain. So, first of all, he was not a Roman, and he was not Italian. But he was a member of an important family, because his uncle was Trajan, the Roman Emperor. Moreover the grew up with Plotina, the Trajan’s wife, and thanks to her Hadrian had all the best educations. Probably it was the time where Hadrian developped his love for the arts and the oriental cultures. Hadrian was also a man, and so he had also a brilliant military career, being a good soldier. He became also the Governor of Pannonia, and Trajan trusted him. But they had two different ways to think about the future of Rome: Trajan used to fight several battles and wars, trying to extend the borders of the Roman Empire. For Hadrian what was fundamental must be the borders, the defense of Rome and its borders. It is the reason why when Trajan died Hadrian had several enemies, because his view was completely different. But at the end he was declared, at first by his legions, as the new emperor of Rome, at the 117 AD. First of all he focused his politics on one value: the peace between the State and the citizens. So he burnt in Rome the "tabellae", the small wooden boards were all the debts were written. So he cancelled the debts owned by the citizens with Rome! A great amnesty! Then always to fixed this sort of new social peace he started to travel, visiting all the provinces of the Empire. He totally travelled for 11 years, coming back in Rome just for few weeks. He went to the modern England, checking the site construction of his famous Hadrian’s Walls, used to defence the Northern borders of the Empire. He went to Greece, probably following his art passions. He went also to Bitinia, a small kingdom in the modern Turkey, where he met a boy who became very important in his life: Antinoo. Between them there were 20 years more or less, and still today we don’t know what kind of relationship there was: maybe it was a real love story (and keep in mind how the homosexuality was not so strange two thousand of years ago), but maybe it was a sort of platonic love, because it seems that Antinoo was a smart and clever boy, a person with an open mind who knew about philosophy and art. So maybe Hadrian like Antinoo because with him he could discuss about his passions. Who knows! What we know is how this relationship ended due to a tragedy. Hadrian, Antinoo, his family and court where in Egypt, sailing with the royal ship along the Nile. At a certain moment Antinoo fell down into the water of the long river, and he was killed by the sacred crocodiles of Egypt. It was a tragedy? Was Antinoo killed by some members of the royal family who though that he could become the new emperor? Or, according to another interpretation, Hadrian killed Antinoo for a sort of sacred sacrifice and ritual? What we know his how Hadrian was really sad after his death, so sad that he decided to make Antinoo a God! Yes, because he inaugurated a new cult, building temples and commissioning marble statues to the divine Antinoo! But moreover keep in mind how Hadrian was an emperor, and also the chied of the army. So he was a great general and, why not, he used the strenght in some occasions. For example at the 132 AD he was able to kill around 600.000 of Jewish, during a rebellion in the modern Israel. He didn’t kill them for religious purposes, but simply because they were rebels, people who were trying to destroy the social peace that Hadrian tried to find, in each single day (for his politics) of his kingdom... #unaguidaturisticaroma #romeisus #Rome  #archeologia #storia #ImperoRomano #atourguiderome


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