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Gianluca Pica
 


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BLOG OF A TOUR GUIDE IN ROME

26/05/2019, 14:21

#unaguidaturisticaroma, #romeisus, #rome, #roma, #mosaico, #atourguiderome



TRIUMPH-OF-THE-CROSS:-A-WONDERFUL-MOSAIC


 In the Basilica of Saint Clemente there is an important example of the Medieval art: an amazing mosaic from the XIII century that symbolizes the life...



In the ancient Basilica of Saint Clemente, located next to the #Colosseum, you can breath a magical atmosphere thanks to the masterpieces that you can find inside. The original basilica was released centuries and centuries ago, just above some Roman ruins and buildings. But probably the best jewel of this sacred Christian church is the apse and its incredible mosaic. This masterpiece is named "Triumph of the Cross". Still today the scholars are debating about the date, for example. The mosaic was made around the end of the XIII and the beginning of the XIV century. Moreover we are sure that a team of artists released the masterpiece, people who were lead by a master. And probably this master was Jacopo Torriti, an important artist of the XIII century who signed also the mosaic of the apse of the St Mary the Major Basilica, always in Rome. The main element of this golden mosaic is the Cross, standing just in the middle. In this case it is not a painful element, but a symbol of Hope and Life. Jesus is alive in the Cross, and everything goes toward Him. It is a triumph, it is life. All around the Cross there are shoots, several vines, Here the main element is wine, that still today is the Blood of Jesus, so the symbol of our salvation. Christ gave his life and blood for us, to save us. See better the spirals made by the shoots: this round shape is symbolizing eternity and so, again, life. It is the reason why between the vines there are human being (prophets or biblical figures) and animals. Why? Simply because all the creatures of the world could be nurse by the Cross, could be survived thanks to Jesus. It is the reason why, if you see better, just below the Cross there are plants, and below them again four springs: they are underlining the presence of the Evangelists, but also something more...thanks to the springs, with fantastic light blue tiles, there is a river that is flowing along the base of the mosaic. The river means water, and water means life again. You can also notice animals, like deers or peacocks, next to the river. Especially peacocks, for the first Christian communitis, symbolized eternal life. For this reason if you will go to the Roman catacombs you will see several painted peacocks on the walls of the tunnels. We can stay days and days describing this great and breathtaking mosaic: the Holy Lamb surrounded by 12 sheeps below the river, or the portrait of a blessing Jesus at the top. Next to him there are four strange winged figures, something that could be seen in other medieval churches. They are different ways to depict the Four Evangelists, following the visions had by the prophet Ezechiele and the beginning of the four Gospels. So there is a winged lion (St Mark), an angel (St Matthew), an eagle (St John) and a winged bull (St Luke). But trust me, if you don’t know anything about the symbolism behind the mosaic is almost the same. The context is important, but the mosaic is simply gorgeous: thousand of colorful tiles, put there centuries ago. A dream that is real... #romeisus#Rome #Roma #arte #mosaico #atourguiderome #unaguidaturisticaroma


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