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© Copyright 2018

Gianluca Pica
 


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BLOG OF A TOUR GUIDE IN ROME

11/06/2019, 14:01

#unaguidaturisticaroma, #atourguiderome, #romeisus, #rome, #roma, #archeologia, #archeology, #foro, #forum, #augusto, #ottaviano, #impero, #imperoromano, #romaempire



THE-FORUM-OF-AUGUTUS-IN-ROME
THE-FORUM-OF-AUGUTUS-IN-ROME
THE-FORUM-OF-AUGUTUS-IN-ROME


 The Forum of Augustus is symbolizing the first emperor of Rome, his politicis and ideas, his values and wills...



In the large area of the Imperial Forum in #Rome, the Forum of Augustus is one of best for beauty and meanings. His Forum had one marble square surrounded on the long sides by a columnade, meanwhile along one of the short side a big temple, sets above a marble podium (almost 10 feet tall), was erected in the honor of Mars "Ultore". Two semi circular areas were opened along the long sides, and the walls were decorated with deep niches having wonderful marble statues inside them.  The whole square was almost 350 feet long and 325 feet large. It was somethimg amazing, with polychrome marble pieces all over, marble reliefs and the massive Temple of Mars "Ultore". It was a public area where the Romans could go day and night, an area which was made for clear propaganda purposes. First of all let me tell you how the site construction of this Forum started around the 27 BC, when Augustus was officialy declared by the #Senate of #Rome "princeps" and "imperator", inaugurating the Empire. The first emperor of Rome would focus his politicis on the moral values that symbolized the Republican Age, but adding two things that the Romans, after years and years of civil wars, maybe forgot: peace and stability. It is the reason why the temple was dedicated to Mars "Ultore", that means "Avenger". Augustus promised to the people at the 42 BC that he will be killed all the people who joined the conjury against Julius Caesar. For his ideas they betrayed Rome and the Republic, bringing chaos and war. This amazing temple could be reached through a staircase, and the fronton was decorated with marble reliefs depicting Mars in the middle with his spear, his wife Venus and Cupid next to him. Moreover, not so far from the three Gods, there was the figure of Romulus, founder of Rome, in the act of making omens for the future of Rome. The fronton was completed by the personifications of the Tiber and the Palatine Hill (the area were Rome was founded for the legends), but also with two Goddesses: the Fortuna Goddess ("fortuna" means luck), and the divine personification of Rome. The ideas and concepts behind the reliefs were clear for the Romans: thanks to Augustus, the emperor and the new founder of a new Rome, the Eternal City is going to have a prosperous fate and future, basing on peace and stability. There is also a curiosity, because still today you can see a huge wall, made of tufa and "peperino" stones. It is 90 feet tall and it was would by Augustus to divide his Forum by the Suburra, the most infamous and dangerous neighborhood of the ancient Rome. It is not a case if the word suburb comes from Suburra, a place where mainly the commoner and the poor people used to live, but also a district destroyed by several fires. In order to preserve his architectonical jewel, Augustus though that it was better to make a wall! But the first emperor of Rome would like to celebrate himself, as the other important politicians of his times. And so he decorated the two semi circular areas along the long sides with statues depicting important men for the origins of Rome and his propaganda. For example the Romans could see a work of art depicting Romolo, the founder of Rome (exactly as Augustus is the founder of a new Rome). Moreover there was the statue of Aeneas, the Trojan hero who was the ancestor of Augustus, Julius Caesar and his whole family. But don’t forget the main monument of the Forum, something that we cannot see today anymore: at the centre of the marble square there was a bronze equestrian statue, with the horse rides by Augustus depicts as a general, a man who is able to lead Rome beyond the difficulties and the enemies, toward a great future... #unaguidaturisticaroma #romeisus #Rome #archeologia #storia #ImperoRommano #atourguiderome


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