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© Copyright 2018

Gianluca Pica
 


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BLOG OF A TOUR GUIDE IN ROME

09/07/2019, 13:23

#unaguidaturisticaroma, #atourguiderome, #romeisus, #rome, #roma, #arte, #pittura, #affresco, #medioevo, #middleages, #art



THE-DEBATE-BETWEEN-ST-SYLVESTER-AND-THE-JEWS


 In the fantastic Oratory of St Sylvester there are several episodes regarding to the life of the Pope, according to te traditions, baptized Costantine the Great...



The Oratory of St Sylvester, which makes part of the medieval complex of the Basilica of the Quattro Coronati at the Caelian Hill, was completely frescoed at the 1247 for the wills of the Cardinal Stefano. The medieval paintings are counting us some scenes of the Life of Costantine, mainly that ones related to his conversion, when Costantine embraced the Christian religion refusing the Pagan one. So this chapel and the decorations are following the Christian traditions, that see Costantine as the paladin of the Christianity, thanks to St Peter and St Paul (seen by Costantine in a dream), and the Pope who baptized him: St Sylvester. Imagine how this Pope became so important, for his role in the conversion of Costantine, that over the centuries several legends made part of his life, as one that is shown on this photo. According to the traditions, St Helen (the Costantine’s mother) had some doubts: what was the best, the Christian or the Jewish religion? In order to find an answer he organize a sort of meeting, in Jerusalem. A philosophic and theological debate between St Sylvester and twelve Jewish wise men. At the beginning there was a sort of draw, because nobody was able to convince St Helen. At a certain moment, one Jew asked to have a bull. The poor animal was brought in the room, an d the Jew whispered a magic word in his ear. Suddenly the bull died. Then St Sylvester went toward the dead animal and, going close to the bull’ear, he whispered another magic word (for some versions he said "Marie", for others he claimed "Jesus"). In a miraculous way, the bull was brought to life, and St Helen understood what was the best and most powerful religion! The whole episode could be seen here, trough fantastic paintings, which have a great symbolic and educational purposes. Thanks to stories like that the believers must see in what way the Christianity got important, how and why Costantine allowed the Christians to practice this faith in a free way. Costantine, as an historical figure, was almost "used" to justify this religious but also political power, imagining how the Holy Church, as an institution, became powerful in Rome and in other lands of Italy. Keep in mind how the Pontiffs, over the centuries, where not just religious leaders, but also something more... #romeisus #Rome #Roma #unaguidaturisticaroma#atourguiderome 


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