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Gianluca Pica
 


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BLOG OF A TOUR GUIDE IN ROME

17/07/2019, 13:51

#unaguidaturisticaroma, #atourguiderome, #romeisus, #rome, #roma, #archeologia, #archeology, #tempio, #temple. #imperoromano, #romanempire, #fororomano, #romanforum



TEMPLE-OF-ANTONINO-AND-FAUSTINA:-TWO-BUILDINGS-IN-ONE
TEMPLE-OF-ANTONINO-AND-FAUSTINA:-TWO-BUILDINGS-IN-ONE


 The Temple of Antonino and Faustina is a great monument of the Roman Forum. A way to understand the real meaning of reuse...



The Temple of Antonino and Faustina is one of the symbols of the Roman Forum. Its massive scale, its incredible columns and its origins that brought the temple to be turn to a church are a perfect example of Rome: the Eternal City changed a lot over the centuries, but still today everybody could see this long history, something visible sometimes just in one place! And try to see here, looking at the Temple of Antonino and Faustina. It was erected by the Roman Emperor Antonino ad the 141 AD for his wife, Faustina, who died that year. Reading literary sources, but also observing some details of the ancient structures of the temple, we know that 20 years later the same temple was used to host the mortal pieces of Antonino. One temple for two people, an hisband with his wife. What is incredible is how we can really read the function of the temple, looking at the inscription, originally made with bronze letters, that is above the capitals: ""Divo Antonino ed Divae Faustinae Ex S(Senatus) C(Consulto)". The first two words, so "Divo Antonino" were added later, at the 161 AD, after the inauguration of the temple and for the death of the emperor. It is nice to know how the first word, "Divo", means God. For the ancient Roman religion when an emperor died he must be deified, becoming a God. So in the Roman Empire there were ordinary temples for the ordinary Gods, but also special temples for the divine emperors, as in this case. The temple had just one square cell, made with tufa blocks. Still today we can see them, without the original marble slabs that decorated them. The holes that are visible still today came from the ancient bars put by the Romans to hold the decorations. But agains, keep in mind the keyword reuse, because the marble slabs were taken off oer the centuries, leaving the holes and nothing more. And always the same keyword is usefull to understand what is the big building behind the monumental columns, more than 50 feet tall: it is a church! At the XI century the Church of St Lawrence in Miranda was built using the ancient cell of the Roman temple. In this way the Holy Church symbolized how Rome was not a pagan city anymore, and how the Christianity was able to "conquer" the city. It is the reason why "Miranda" is a word meaning for view: a way to underline how from this church you can see the Roman Forum, the city centre of the ancient pagan Rome, the city and the empire which persecuted the Christians. Imagine how strange could be the history: this church was completely destroyed at the 1536. Why? Simply because in this way the Emperor Charles V could see better the wonderful ancient Roman columns! Then the church will be rebuild at the 1602. An unusual destiny for a building that is two buildings all together, for a place that could symbolize the real beauty of Rome: its long history is always visible... #unaguidaturisticaroma #romeisus #Rome #Roma #atourguiderome #archeologia #archeology #fororomano #romanforum



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