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Gianluca Pica
 


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BLOG OF A TOUR GUIDE IN ROME

06/08/2019, 12:43

#unaguidaturisticaroma, #atourguiderome, #romeisus, #rome, #roma, #affresco, #arte, #art, #pittura, #painting, #raffaello, #raphael, #vaticanmuseums, #vaticani



THE-LIBERATION-OF-ST-PETER:-A-MASTERPIECE-BY-RAPHAEL


 At the "Heliodorus’ Room" at the Vatican Museums, there is a wonderful fresco by Raphael that is able to show us a biblical episode and something more...



At the "Heliodorus’ Room" of the Vatican Museums there is one of the most gorgeous frescos by Raphael: his "Liberations of St Peter". Here the master of the Renaissance age describes a biblical episode from the Acts of Apostles, where we know how St Peter was imprisoned for the second time in Jerusalem. An Angel send by God helped him for his escape, giving to St Peter the possibility to leave Jerusalem forever. In fact he went to Rome, where he was crucified at the 67 AD. Coming back to the episode of the fresco, we know that a great sleepiness had the guards of the jail (you can see them at the centre and on the right), in order to allow to the Angel to reach St Peter. The saint and martyr is behind a majestic iron grating and he is sleeping. The Angel, full of light, is ready to help him, with the two guards close to them laied at their weapons. On the right the Angel and St Peter are escaping, and on the left other soldiers are understanding that something is getting wrong. So the same episode is shown in on wall, divided in three specific areas and sections. In order to make the atmosphere more mysterious and magic Raphael put a wonderful moon on the sky, partly covered by clouds. It is an invention of the artist, because for the Acts of the Apostles the episode took place when the Sun was in the sky! But in this way, with the night and the shadows, Raphael was able to improve his game between the light and darkness. Light is God, light is the Angel who is helping St Peter, light is the contrast of the darkness, an element related to the enemies of the Christianity. This nocturnal setting will be a model for other masters, over the centuries. But now the question is: why this episode? Why did the Pope Julius II, the man who commissioned to Rapahel the decoration of the whole room, decide to display this event? Keep in mind how Raphael, for his frescos, was helped by a team of philosophers, scholars and theologians who worked for the Pope. They were people who knew what Julius II would, what the Pontiff would like to show in that room which was used for meetings with foreign and important people. And the special guests must know where they were... For example St Peter was always used to personify the Holy Church that must be helped by God. The Lord is ready to protect and preserve it. As you can see on the fresco, where the martyr is helped and supported by the Angel, so by God. But according to others, for his "Liberation of St Peter" Raphael would homage the pontiff, Julius II. Why? Keep in mind how he was the Pope who allowed to Raphael to be a real master. When the artist came in Rome for the first time he was just 25 years old. Thanks to Bramante, the main architect for the Pope, he met Julius II who was also an art lover. He understood how that young artist was special, and it is the reason why he elected him as a member of the team which was decorating the rooms of his private apartments. After some months Julius II saw how Raphael was not an ordinary artist. At the end Julius II gave to Raphael the possibility to be the only master of that incredible masterplan. So, maybe, in this "Liberation of St Peter" Raphael would like to send a private and intimate message. Imagine how Julius II, who died at the 1513 when the fresco was not completed, was free by his earthly condition going to the sky... #romeisus #Rome #museo #arte #unaguidaturisticaroma #atourguiderome #arte #art


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