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© Copyright 2018

Gianluca Pica
 


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BLOG OF A TOUR GUIDE IN ROME

10/12/2018, 13:32

#romeisus, #rome, #roma, #palazzo, #palazzovenezia, #mussolini, #fascismo, #papa, #pontefice, #rinascimento



THE-VENICE-PALACE...IN-ROME


 The Venice Palace is one of the most iconic buildings of Rome, due to its great location. But we should also consider its originis, thinking about its age: six centuries...



No doubts when we think that the so called Venice Palace is one of the most famous buildings of Rome! It is not so far from the #Colosseum and it is one of the most historical and oldest buildings that still today we can see in Rome: imagine how the Venice Palace was released at the XV century, six hundred of years ago! Moreover the palace is also related to two men: the Cardinal Pietro Barbo, who became Pope with the name of Paul II, and Benito #Mussolini. About the last one it is easy to remember what is linking him and this palace, because you should just watch some historical videos surfing on the Net. Do you see the balcony at the centre, with the two flags? The balcony was made three centuries ago, but from there Mussolini came out for his speeches. The square was full of people, men and women who were appreciating the words of the dictator. It is also curious to understand how the Venice Palace is not the original name, because it was changed just five hundred of years ago. Why? Simply because the ambassadors of the Republic of Venice (keep in mind how Italy was unified just two centuries ago, and before the unification here there were several indipendent and own countries and republics) started to leave here during their businesses in Rome. The origins of the Venice Palace must be date back to the XIV hundreds, when the wealthy cardinal Pietro Barbo, a member of an important and noble family from Venice, came here in #Rome. In order to respect his condition he would like to live in an important and wonderful private property, and it is the reason why he called the main architects in order to live inside a great place. This palace is a sort of bridge between the Middle Ages and the new Renaissance Age. It looks like a sort of castle, looking at the battlements and the castle, but there are also some elements that will included the #Renaissance style, like the courtyard inside the palace, that is completely surrounded by columns. We don’t know who is the architect, there are just some interpretations. But maybe we could not so far from the reality if we claim that one of the architects was Leon Battista Alberti, one of the main scholars and artists of the earlier Renaissance Age. Something changed when Pietro Barbo was elected as a Pope, with the name of Paul II, at the 1464. For example he made taller the tower, making also longer the palace in the direction of Via del Corso and embellishing it, mainly inside. Thanks to the literary sources we know that his home was full of "mirabilia", objects like paintings, statues, canvases, jewels... Paul II was a real wealthy man of his times, but also an art lover. So he used his personal wealth, and not that one of the Holy Church, in order to buy all the things that we would like to buy! It seems that we was to spend a lot of money just for a single piece... It is a pity that the Pope Sixtus IV, who came after Paul II, around the 1471 really destroyed this collection. Pope Sixtus IV divided it, taking some pieces for himself, selling others to noblemen or noble families, or donating some of them to the city of Rome. It is also a pity to know how the #Venice Palace is not the original one anymore, because it was deeply restored several times, especially at the beginning of the XX century. Why? The Venice square, that is just in front the palace, hosts another impressive building in one of his sides: the "Altare della Patria", the white and incredible building would at the end of the XIX century by the second king of Italy, Umberto I. To make this giant building several things were simply destroyed, or removed from their original locations... you know, maybe Rome is beautiful also for this reason: over the centuries something could change or not, but our history remains... #romeisus 


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